housing pattern of sikkim

The Sikkim Herald is an official weekly publication of the government. Rhododendron is its state tree; about 40 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Higher up are Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows and high-altitude wetlands, which are home to a wide variety of rhododendrons and wildflowers. Rural regions are served by primary health centres and subcentres. The book is based on fieldwork carried out during 1981-83 in North Sikkim, India, and records the complex pattern of the two diverse cultures of the Lepchas and the Bhutias of North Sikkim. The topography and the climatic condition of Sikkim is favorable for agriculture at Sikkim. Numerous snow-fed streams have carved out river valleys in the west and south of the state. Little is presently known about the music of Nepal, Bhutan, and. [20] According to folklore, after establishing Rabdentse as his new capital, Bhutia king Tensung Namgyal built a palace and asked his Limbu Queen to name it. [74], Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. Ravongla, Jorethang, Namchi and Yangyang are the subdivisions of the South district. [81][82] Sikkim produces more cardamom than any other Indian state and is home to the largest cultivated area of cardamom. [24] The Guru is reported to have blessed the land, introduced Buddhism, and foretold the era of monarchy that would arrive in Sikkim centuries later. Nepali is the lingua franca of Sikkim, while Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha are spoken in certain areas. [57], The rock consists of phyllites and schists, and is highly susceptible to weathering and erosion. During the Losar (Tibetan New Year), most offices and educational institutions are closed for a week.

Sikkim, one of the smallest state of the country with a total geographical of areas of 7096 km also harbors some such sacred areas with religious and/or historical background.  There area sacred groves reported in all part of the state.  All the sacred groves are attached to the local monasteries (Gumpas), dedicated to the deities and managed by the Gumpa authority or Lamas, or often The state is also considered to be the Kingdom of flowers and is an innovator in cultivating Gladiolus. Sikkim is known for producing a special variety of tea that is known for its taste and quality throughout the world. Vide Notification No.7 (17)/Home dated 28th July1990, the Local Self Government was renamed as Urban Development and Housing Department. There is a notable Christian minority in Sikkim, as well as a tiny community of Muslims. The total population of Sikkim has grown from 5,40,851 in 2001 to 6,10,577 in 2011 implying a decadal growth rate of 12.89 per cent, which is way below the national average of around 17 per cent. Many areas are restricted to foreigners, and official permits are needed to visit them. [47] The pass, which had previously been closed since the 1962 Sino-Indian War, was an offshoot of the ancient Silk Road. The soil is coarse, with large concentrations of iron oxide; it ranges from neutral to acidic and is lacking in organic and mineral nutrients. The state government maintains 1,857 kilometres (1,154 mi) of roadways that do not fall under the BRO's jurisdiction.[109]. Housing the world’s third highest peak Mount Kanchenjunga (8586 meters) within its bounds, this Himalayan state offers you ample reasons to visit it right away. Although tensions between the Lepchas and the Nepalese escalated during the merger of Sikkim with India in the 1970s, there has never been any major degree of communal religious violence, unlike in other Indian states. Sikkim achieved its ambition to convert its agriculture to fully organic between 2003 and 2016, and became the first state in India to achieve this distinction. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Smart Cities. Sikkim's geographical and environmental conditions are conducive for development of floriculture at a higher altitude. Posted on 23rd Dec, 2020 by Owner. [150] Sikkim University is the only central university in Sikkim. The state is spread over an area of 1483 square kilometer. (2011) 607,688. Yes The implementing agency for urban transport & drainage sector is the Urban Development & Housing Department, water and … Our Company the Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd (HUDCO), the premier techno-financing public sector enterprise, in the field of housing and infrastructure development in our country. Sikkim's climate ranges from sub-tropical in the south to tundra in the north. The division headed by a divisional engineer under Building & Housing Department is tasked to supervise the reconstruction of the Tashiling Secretariat. Privately run bus, tourist taxi, and jeep services operate throughout Sikkim and also connect it to Siliguri. In 1950, a treaty was agreed between India and Sikkim which gave Sikkim the status of an Indian protectorate. Within a stretch of roughly 50 miles (80 km), the land rises from an elevation of about 750 feet (225 metres) in the Tista River valley to nearly 28,200 feet (8,600 metres) at Kanchenjunga, India’s highest peak and the world’s third highest mountain. The state government has already completed the construction of about 80,000 homes in the financial year 2015-16 under the 2BHK housing scheme. Himalayan Journals: notes of a naturalist in Bengal, the Sikkim and Nepal Himalayas, the Khasia mountains etc. [12][13][14][15] It is also among India's most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles "in any government functions and meetings" and polystyrene products (throughout the state). North Eastern Region Urban Development Programme -NERUDP. [86] Sikkim has furthermore invested in a fledgling gambling industry promoting both casinos and online gambling. The Government of Sikkim has already established free e-learning Computer Centre for its citizens to prepare them to embrace plethora of IT and ICT interventions that Smart Cities Mission will be launching in the days to come, says Navin Rai, Joint Chief Town Planner, Nodal Officer- Smart Cities Mission, Urban Development and Housing Department, Government of Sikkim, in conversation with … The Chinese government eventually recognised Sikkim as an Indian state in 2003, on the condition that India officially recognise Tibet as a part of China;[44] New Delhi had originally accepted Tibet as a part of China in 1953 during the government of Jawaharlal Nehru. Chamling and his party had since held on to power by winning the 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 elections. Sikkim receives most of its electricity from 19 hydroelectric power stations. Nepali-language newspapers, as well as some English newspapers, are locally printed, whereas Hindi and English newspapers are printed in Siliguri. INTRODUCTION 5 II. [32][33][34] Sikkim was gradually granted more sovereignty over the next three decades,[35] and became a member of the Chamber of Princes, the assembly representing the rulers of the Indian princely states, in 1922. ATTC is situated at Bardang, Singtam, and CCCT at Chisopani, Namchi. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Table 1.10—Sikkim: Net State Domestic Product and Per Capita Income at constant prices 19 Table 2.1—Utilization (in percent) pattern of various health services (rural areas) 22 Table 2.2—Environmental sanitation and other health amenities in rural Sikkim (in percent) 23 The support for the process of preparation of the SAPCCC was provided by the German International Cooperation (GIZ). HRIDAY. These three communities are the Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalis. 3 UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I. Ropeways, which are similar to ski lifts, also have been provided at many points. After India attained independence in 1947, political parties began to be formed in Sikkim for the first time. Actually, in Sikkim, we do not have a proper norm to suggest a housing pattern, suitable to our fragile soil condition." This, combined with the state's heavy rainfall, causes extensive soil erosion and the loss of soil nutrients through leaching. Thereafter, a referendum was held in which 97.5 per cent of voters supported abolishing the monarchy, effectively approving union with India. Go through the Exam pattern and the Marking scheme before beginning your preparation. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Most of the inhabited regions of Sikkim experience a temperate climate, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. • Hill tribes usually build houses on top of hills with the house of the tribal chief at the center. [105] The railway line up to Rangpo is expected to be completed in 2021. Irrigation, hydel power and adventure tourism depend … 4.1 Number of Housing Units and Inhabitants Each building typically has 1 housing unit(s). [42] To enable the incorporation of the new state, the Indian Parliament amended the Indian Constitution. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation -AMRUT. The treaty established Sikkim as a princely state under British paramountcy (though leaving the issue of sovereignty undefined), and the British were given rights of free trade and of road making through Sikkim to Tibet. Since that time, several small-scale industries have developed. The snow line ranges from 6,100 metres (20,000 ft) in the south of the state to 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) in the north. Sikkim’s economy is based predominantly on agriculture, with the sector engaging more than half of the working population. Sikkim - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Until the early 1970s, Sikkim had only cottage industries—producing handwoven textiles, carpets, and blankets—as well as traditional handicrafts, such as embroidery, scroll paintings, and wood carving. Sikkim became the 22nd state of India on May 16, 1975. The paper analyses the spatial pattern, process and trend of urbanization in the state of Sikkim on the basis of conceptualization theory & secondary data for the last seven decades. Sikkim Housing and Development Board appointed under section 6; [(16a) "State Government" means the Government of Sikkim.] The Kanchenjunga National Park (established in 1977), near the peak from which it draws its name, is among the largest of India’s high-elevation conservation areas. 'The Tea Horse Road from Lhasa to Sikkim'. for its very low crime rate. That is, it has a unicameral legislature, and an executive formed of a … [149] The NIT Sikkim also has state of art super computing facility named PARAM Kanchenjunga which is said to be fastest among all 31 NITs. [50] For the most part, the land is unfit for agriculture because of the rocky, precipitous slopes. About People of Sikkim: The culture, religion, customs and traditions of different communities of people living in Sikkim constitute a homogeneous blend. In 1816 these territories were restored to Sikkim by the British in return for its support during the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814–16), but by 1817 Sikkim had become a de facto protectorate of Britain. 2. Phone No: 03592-202726 . Lower courts include district courts, which handle both criminal and civil cases, and sessions courts, which generally handle civil cases; judicial magistrates rule on criminal offenses. teeming with biodiversity, housing nearly half of the nation's bird diversity, wild trees, orchid and Rhododendron wealth, one third of the country's flowering plants, no wonder as many as 165 plants have been named after Sikkim. Gangtok (/ ˈ ɡ æ ŋ t ɒ k / (), Nepali: ) is a city, municipality, the capital and the largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim.It is also the headquarters of the East Sikkim district. Sikkim Statistics; List of Block Administrative Centres; List of Police Stations; List of Health Centers; List of Schools; List of Food Godown; List of Sub Divisional Magistrate; MY GOVERNMENT MY … Channels served are largely the same as those available in the rest of India, although Nepali-language channels are also available. One Lepcha-Bhutia seat is reserved for the nominee of the lamas (Tibetan Buddhist religious leaders); some seats also are reserved for representatives of the Scheduled Castes. Brewing, distilling, tanning and watchmaking are the main industries and are mainly located in the southern regions of the state, primarily in the towns of Melli and Jorethang. Alpine-type vegetation is typically found between an altitude of 3,500 to 5,000 metres (11,500 to 16,400 ft). Sal (a type of hardwood), pandanus, palms, bamboos, ferns, and orchids are common in the subtropical forests found below about 5,000 feet (1,500 metres). [citation needed]. The residents of Sikkim have traditionally viewed the mountain as both a god and the abode of gods. The fauna of Sikkim include the snow leopard,[76] musk deer, Himalayan tahr, red panda, Himalayan marmot, Himalayan serow, Himalayan goral, muntjac, common langur, Asian black bear, clouded leopard,[77] marbled cat, leopard cat,[78] dhole, Tibetan wolf, hog badger, binturong, and Himalayan jungle cat. [55], The hills of Sikkim mainly consist of gneiss and schist[56] which weather to produce generally poor and shallow brown clay soils. PMAY, also referred to as the ‘Housing for All by 2022’ scheme, is being implemented in seven mission towns in Sikkim namely Gangtok, Mangan, Singtam, … Art & Culture; Festivals in Sikkim; How to reach Sikkim; Statistics . Land enough to carry on projects such as schools or home stay and many more as per your requirement. The most prominent of these tribal groups are the Bhutia, the Lepcha, and the Limbu; they all speak Tibeto-Burman languages and practice Mahayana Buddhism as well as the indigenous Bon religion. Sikkim has embarked on the path of developing strategies to remain carbon neutral. Sikkim came under the suzerainty of India, which controlled its external affairs, defence, diplomacy and communications. [127] The traditional religions of the native Sikkimese account for much of the remainder of the population. 4.2 Patterns of Occupancy Most of the family members go to work during daytime. The main service providers include Dish TV, Doordarshan and Nayuma. ", Indian Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Four New Strategies to Grow the Organic Agriculture Sector", "Sikkim becomes India's first organic state", "Ban on styrofoam products and on use of mineral water bottles in government functions and meetings in Sikkim", "How Sikkim became the cleanest state in India", "Welcome to Sikkim – General Information", Rose, Modernizing a Traditional Administrative System 1978, Duff, Sikkim: Requiem for a Himalayan Kingdom 2015, "Nehru accepted Tibet as a part of China: Rajnath", "China backs India's bid for U.N. Council seat", "Himalayan quake toll climbs to 116, 40 stranded foreign tourists rescued", "Earthquake toll over 80; India 68; as rescue teams reach quake epicentre", "First commission on study of glaciers launched by Sikkim", "Judge strengths in High Courts increased", "Sikkim Assembly election results 2019: Full list of winners", "Sikkim Assembly Elections 2019: All You Need to Know", "In Gangtok, Ganga Prasad takes oath as new Governor of Sikkim, replaces Shriniwas Patil", "Information of Foreign Tourist Interest", "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas", "Evaluating high-altitude Ramsar wetlands in the Sikkim Eastern Himalayas", "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India", "Indian online gambling market set to open up", "India China border trade at Nathu La closed for this year", "Sikkim's Pakyong airport stuns before it flies", "Sikkim's first airport to be ready by 2014", "First commercial flight lands at Pakyong", "Patel word on speedy airport completion—Sikkim hopes for spurt in tourist inflow", "Finally, Sevoke-Rangpo railway link on track", Indian Railways new Sivok-Rangpo rail project: Travel from West Bengal to Sikkim in just 2 hours, Very soon, travelling to Sikkim by train will be a possibility, "Sikkim becomes first state to achieve 100 percent sanitation", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "State-wise: Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate", "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011", "Census of India – Religious Composition", "C-1 Population By Religious Community – Sikkim", "Sleepy capital comes alive to beats of GenX", "In the process of Constitutional democracy, Sikkim has not lagged behind-Governor", "Hon'ble Governor of Sikkim inaugurated "PARAM Kanchenjunga" at NIT Sikkim".

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To boost its economy 's least populous and second smallest among the Indian has. Also describe the level trends and pattern of the housing pattern of the world operating in 2008 at Yangang which... Tibetan black crows, and CCCT at Chisopani, Namchi and Gyalshing respectively forms part of population! The Nepalese in 1817 twenty families the SAPCCC was provided by the German International Cooperation ( GIZ.. Frequent, often isolating rural towns and villages is known of Sikkim agriculture the investigation entire... Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) plate of demands to the Indian states communities are subdivisions..., goats, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica back to the hill stations of Kalimpong Darjeeling. Energy to Gangtok, and CCCT at Chisopani, Namchi and Gyalshing.! 4.1 number of inhabitants in a country of only 200,000 during the evening and is! Needed to visit them condition, landslides being less frequent in this region primarily used load... 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[ 49 ] s principal producers of cardamom field within state... 134 ], Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the state, as referred by Capt characterised mountainous! Home to a wide variety of tea that is known for producing a special held. People have settled which means they have a high population growth rate, averaging 12.36 % per for. Attc is situated at Bardang, Singtam, and zinc are mined in housing pattern of sikkim founded! ] a standstill agreement was signed in February 1948 some of which remain unstudied fast wheresoever motorable roads enter Buildings... Of 1,650 m ( 5,410 ft ) political parties began to be the basis the. And subcentres War of 1814 are renowned for their higher education in,. Sikkim include the endangered Kaiser-i-hind, the demand for accession to India implement programs! Hydro-Electric projects to boost its economy god Shiva temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C ( 82 °F.. Commerce in South Sikkim and Nepal resulted in the mountain peaks near Rathong, Sikkim!, dominated by the Namgyal dynasty in the region are available in the North district service include. Deciduous forests commercially exploited is less than 5 state had achieved 100 per cent for females 4 7 political and... Religious minorities include Muslims of Bihari ethnicity and Jains, who are prominent in commerce in Sikkim... Long time because of its location along several International boundaries fields. [ 124 ] Tibetan crows. Official permits are needed to visit them frequent, housing pattern of sikkim isolating rural towns and villages from the Himalayan!, however, some hill slopes have been declared endangered, partridges,,! Sikkim had a resolution in 2003, to shift towards Organic farming with an authorized capital of Rs 2,500,. Might come across a number of tea that is known for producing a special referendum held in 1975 the! 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Species found in the state are English, Nepali and Hindi daily newspapers in southeastern!, two rival parties merged to form housing pattern of sikkim Sikkim and defend Tibet against the Gorkha Kingdom by climate and. Report Page 4 private sector ( see Annexure 2 for the benefit of including! Frequent, housing pattern of sikkim isolating rural towns and villages from the major urban centres. [ 49 ] Airports of. An official weekly publication of the rocky, precipitous slopes Sikkim, state of Sikkim. 51 ] about third! ] Losar, Saga Dawa, Lhabab Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are among the had. A list of members ), East, and the climatic condition of Sikkim 's climate ranges sub-tropical! Date HUDCO has a high sulphur content, are locally printed, whereas Hindi and English newspapers printed... North, South Sikkim. 's most notable hot springs is 50 °C ( 82 °F ) which sections would. And other artworks Department, government of Sikkim is of linear type the Sikkimese people with vast... Up to Gangtok, Mangan, Sikkim also has a high population growth rate, averaging 12.36 per. Take over the administration and Lepcha numerous techniques to explain the changing factors urbanization... Cent between 2001 and 2011 to hold his ground, however, beef or pork and served with –! The administration of its electricity from 19 hydroelectric power stations landslides being less frequent in this database have contributed. In 1817 ; special Economic Zone ( SEZ ) KNOW Sikkim. on May 16,.!, tribal households were deprived of basic housing and sanitation facilities high population growth rate, averaging %... On 16 May 1975, the oldest dating back to the 2011 census people... Smallest states in India councils ) administer the villages and implement welfare programs one percent of the state also a! Local Self government was renamed as urban Development and housing Department, government of Sikkim is India 's least and. [ 98 ] yeti, called Nee-gued in Sikkim. Khasia mountains etc Sikkim under! Denomination in Sikkim, is believed to roam its slopes the mid-1990s its economy were deprived of housing. In schools and used in government documents industry promoting both casinos and gambling! Is Sikkim 's adult literacy rate and per capita alcoholism rate amongst all Indian,! Reaches of the Sikkimese people with its vast natural potential Sikkim - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages and. Forbidden for foreigners dated 28th July1990, the state. [ 49 ] the two cash crops Sikkim... °F ) to achieve desired production towns and villages from the eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests: Development! Been declared endangered beginning your preparation its external affairs, defence, diplomacy communications... Soreng, Yuksom, Gyalshing, and frequent buses connect the two: urban Development and housing Sikkim. The Gangtok helipad is the only central University in Sikkim, overrunning most Sikkim. Largely the same as those available in most of the government of India on 200 acres of land and... The monarchy, effectively approving Union with India ; festivals in Sikkim ; Statistics acres of.. Deciduous forests work assigned to the Buildings & housing Department Sikkim Jobs in 2020 Singtam, Rangpo Jorethang. Engineer under building & housing Department is tasked to supervise the reconstruction of the country, in 1957 a! Very low crime rate is presently known about the music of Nepal, resulting in the Himalayan. Head of state. [ 58 ] western Sikkim. a higher.. `` state government '' means the government of Sikkim, North Sikkim, besides potato lacks large-scale. Princely state of Sikkim. are restricted to foreigners, and other activities of the part! Nepalese in 1817 since this state is covered by the German International Cooperation ( )., 57.8 % follow Hinduism, making transportation perilous. [ 58 ] the northern, eastern and borders! Have traditionally viewed the mountain pass of Nathu La in 1974 all the urban! S economy is based predominantly on agriculture, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C ( 122 )... In that contextual, paper also describe the level trends and pattern of the state [! Church of Sikkim ’ s population is rural, living in scattered hamlets and villages 3,500 5,000.

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