thanjavur river name

Apart from telecom, BSNL also provides broadband internet service. The district is located in the delta of the Cauvery River and is mostly agrarian. [116] The underground drainage system covers 70% of the city and the remaining sewerage system for disposal of sullage is through septic tanks, open drains and public conveniences. [41] "Sangeetha Mahal" has a permanent handicrafts exhibition centre. Thanjavur is known as the "Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu". Thanjavur is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 km (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 km (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli. Under the British, Thanjavur emerged as an important regional centre. [31] The onset of summer is from March, with the mercury reaching its peak by the end of May and June. Farmers also grow coconut and sugarcane and it is the largest producer of coconut in Tamil Nadu. Thanjur Brihadishwara Temple and Shri Venkatesa Perumal Temple are also within 2 miles (3 km). [81], On 10 April 2013, the state government announced in the Assembly that Thanjavur municipality will be upgraded to a Municipal corporation. To maximise agricultural produce, organic farming is being implemented. [26] The nearest seaport is Nagapattinam which is 84 km (52 mi) east of Thanjavur. Omissions? The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is located in the centre of the city. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [121] Thanjavur comes under the Thanjavur Telecom circle of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), India's state-owned telecom and internet services provider. C F Schwartz during 1784. [117] The corporation maintains a total of 155 km (96 mi) of storm water drains: 53.27 km (33.10 mi) surfaced drains and 101.73 km (63.21 mi) unlined drains. C.V. Schwartz of the Danish Mission. An early capital of the Chola empire from the 9th to the 11th century, it was important during the Vijayanagar, Maratha, and British periods. The Rajarajeshvara temple at Thanjavur had the tallest shikhara amongst temples of its time. Summer rains are sparse and the first monsoon, the South-West monsoon, commences in June and continues till September. Government and private buses operate frequently between the two bus termini and other towns and villages like Vallam, Budalur, Mohamed Bunder, Nadukkavery, Pillaiyarpatti, Vallam Pudursethi, Sengipatti, Ammapettai, Mariamman Kovil, Thiruvaiyaru and Kuruvadipatti. [25] The North-East monsoon is beneficial to the district at large because of the heavy rainfall and the Western ghats (mountain ranges) feeding the river Cauvery. The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located 59.6 km (37.0 mi) away from the city. [87][90] The Lok Sabha seat has been held by the Indian National Congress for Seven terms during 1951–56,[91] 1957–62,[92] 1962–1967,[93] 1980–84, 1984–1989,[94] 1989–91[95] and 1991–96,[96] Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for Seven terms during 1967–71,[97] 1971–77,[98] 1996–98, 1998–99,[99] 1999–04,[100] 2004–09[101] and 2009–present[102] and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for one term during 1977–80. NH-67: Thanjavur - Needamangalam - Thiruvurur. [85], Thanjavur comes under the Thanjavur State Assembly Constituency and it elects a member to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly once every five years. [58] As per the religious census of 2011, Thanjavur (M) had 82.87% Hindus, 8.34% Muslims, 8.58% Christians, 0.01% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 0.06% Jains, 0.11% following other religions and 0.01% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference. [64] An integrated bus terminus, called New Bus stand was constructed in 1997 near Raja Serfoji College to handle the passenger traffic. Thanjavur is believed to have been conquered by Kampanna Udayar during his invasion of Srirangam between 1365 and 1371. An early capital of the Chola empire from the 9th to the 11th century, it was important during the Vijayanagar, Maratha, and British periods. Answer: Rajarajeshvara temple built by King Rajaraja Chola. Thanjavur Air Force Station (IATA: TJV, ICAO: VOTJ) of the Indian Air Force (IAF) is located in Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu, India.It is home to a No. This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 05:40. Listen our video to compare your pronunciation! Thanjavur is a town in Tamil Nadu, India. Attractions include the Brihadishvara Chola temple, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987 (expanded in 2004 by naming two other nearby Chola temples); a Vijayanagar fort; the palace of Sarfoji, a Maratha prince; and Sarasvati Mahal Library, known for its large collection of manuscripts dating from the 16th to the 19th century. [57], According to 2011 census, Thanjavur had a population of 222,943 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. [103] R. Venkataraman, who served as the President of India from 1987 to 1992, was elected from the Thanjavur Lok Sabha constituency in the 1951 elections. The surrounding region occupies part of the flat, fertile Kaveri delta, one of the most important rice-growing areas in India, terminating in the southeast at Point Calimere at the confluence of Palk Strait and the Bay of Bengal. [22], Thanjavur is located at 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8°N 79.15°E / 10.8; 79.15[23] The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the city. [21] Modern day Thanjavur railway junction has three rail heads leading to Tiruchirapalli, Kumbakonam and Thiruvarur. Since 1983, Thanjavur has been a special grade municipality. [8][11] The Marathas exercised their sovereignty over Thanjavur throughout the last quarter of the 17th and the whole of the 18th century. Tanjore was upgraded to a second grade municipality in 1933 and first grade in 1943. [111] St. Peter's Higher Secondary School at Thanjavur was established by Rev. [104], Thanjavur has a total of four Universities, namely the Periyar Maniammai Institute of Science & Technology, PRIST University, SASTRA University and Tamil University. The city is a major manufacturer of pith works consisting of models of Hindu idols, mosques, garlands and other bird figurines. Definition of thanjavur in the Definitions.net dictionary. Thanjavur, formerly Tanjore, city, eastern Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. Thanjavur is also home to Tanjore painting, a painting style unique to the region. [112] Kalyanasundaram Higher Secondary School, established in 1891, is one of the oldest schools in the city. Check all reviews, photos, contact number & address of Ideal River View Resort, Tanjore and Free cancellation of Resort. [31] The rainfall during the South-West monsoon period is much lower than that of the North-East monsoon. Thanjavur is administered by a municipal corporation covering an area of 128.02 km2 (49.43 sq mi) and had a population of 290,720 in 2011. The average literacy of the city was 83.14%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. For other uses, see, View of the Brihadeeswarar Temple, Maratha palace, paddy field, Rajarajan Manimandapam (Bell Tower) and Tamil University, Sivangangai Park. Temples in Thanjavur. Let’s look at the top 7 places to visit in Thanjavur– 1. [20], Thanjavur was successfully conquered in 1674 by Ekoji I (1675–84), the Maratha feudatory of the sultan of Bijapur and half-brother of Shivaji (1627/30-80) of the Bhonsle dynasty. [91], Law and order in the city is maintained by the Thanjavur subdivision of the Tamil Nadu Police, headed by a Deputy Superintendent (DSP). 222 squadron of the IAF's Sukhoi Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft - the first IAF fighter squadron in Tamil Nadu. [1] [3] It is one of the largest South Indian temples and an exemplary example of a fully realized Dravidian architecture . [60], As of 2008, a total 2,013.34 ha (4,975.1 acres) (55.4%) of the land was used for residential, 11.32 ha (28.0 acres) (3.06%) for commercial, 82.68 ha (204.3 acres) (2.28%) for industrial, 320.2 ha (791 acres) (8.81%) for public & semi public, 108.11 ha (267.1 acres) (2.98%) for educational and 996.85 ha (2,463.3 acres) (27.47%) for agriculture. The coverage of solid waste management had an efficiency of 100% as of 2001. Manufacture of musical instruments like veena, tambura, violin, mrithamgam, thavil and kanjira is another economic activity in the city. [41], Schwartz Church, a historic monument located in the palace garden, was built in 1779 by Serfoji II as a token of affection for Rev. St. Antony's Higher Secondary School, established in 1885 by the Diocese of Thanjavur, is one of the oldest schools in Thanjavur district. [17] Achuthappa Nayak (1560–1614), Raghunatha Nayak (1600–34) and Vijaya Raghava Nayak (1634–73) are some of the important rulers of the Nayak dynasty who ruled Thanjavur. In 1787, Amar Singh, the regent of Thanjavur, deposed the minor Raja, his nephew Serfoji II (1787–93) and captured the throne. Christian Missionaries played a prominent role in promoting English education in Thanjavur. The 1871 India census recorded a population of 52,171, making Thanjavur the third largest city in the Madras Presidency. When the Chola Empire began to decline in the 13th century, the Pandyas from the south invaded and captured Thanjavur twice, first during 1218–19 and then during 1230. Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram. [27], The period from November to February in Thanjavur is pleasant, with a climate full of warm days and cool nights. [52][53] Paddy (unmilled rice) is the crop and the other crops grown are blackgram, banana, coconut, gingelly, ragi, red gram, green gram, sugarcane and maize. River cauvery is the Main Source for Cultivation in this district, which is known for its heritage in water management. Sugarcane and peanuts (groundnuts) are grown in addition to rice; grain processing is a significant industry. Telugu, Thanjavur Marathi and Saurashtra are other languages spoken in the city. The city first rose to prominence during the reign of Cholas when it served as the capital of the empire. Category : Astrology information, Entertainment, planetary motion The Thanjai Periya Kovil also called the Rajarajeshvaram or Peruvudaiyar Kovil is the temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. [36] The walls of the sanctum are covered with wall paintings from the Chola and Nayak periods. After the fall of Cholas, the city was ruled by various dynasties like Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas and British Empire. The villages Pudupattinam, Nanjikottai, Neelagiri, Melaveli, Pillaiyarpatti, Ramanathapuram, Pallieri, Vilar and Inathukanpatti are likely to be added to the municipal corporation limits. It is the district headquarters by the same name. The nearest Seaport is located at Nagapattinam. The city is also known for a distinctive painting style—in which such materials as gold foil, lace, and semiprecious stones are used to embellish the painting—and for a style of embossed metal plates. Use the map to find hotels in the Thanjavur neighborhood you prefer; Use the filters to see hotels in a specific area of Thanjavur, select a specific theme, brand, or hotel class from basic (1 Star) to luxury hotels (5 Stars) in Thanjavur; Enter your travel dates to view the best deals on hotels in Thanjavur - … [47], Sathaya Thiruvizha is the annual birthday festival of Raja Raja Chola held during October every year. Most of the idols present in the gallery were collected from various temples in the Thanjavur district. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [56] Increasing production costs and competition from large-scale producers have reduced the number of people involved in the production. Question 2. Though agriculture is the main economic activity, only 7% of the population is involved in it. The major occupation of the inhabitants of the city is tourism and service-oriented industry, while the traditional occupation is agriculture. Watch how to say and pronounce "thanjavur"! You'll find Maratha Palace and Saraswathi Mahal Library within 2 miles (3 km) of this hotel. [62] The workforce is predominantly involved in service industry involving trade and commerce. Complete details of Population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format. It was the capital of earlier Chola Kingdom. Thanjavur painting - Thanjavur painting is a classical South Indian painting style, which was inaugurated from the town of Thanjavur (anglicized as Tanjore). Thanjavur is located on the "main line" of the railway system in the Coromandel coast connecting Chennai with Tiruchirappalli via Villupuram, Cuddalore, Mayiladuthurai (Mayavaram) and Thanjavur junctions. [55], All major nationalised banks such as State Bank of India, Indian Bank, Central Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Indian Overseas Bank and private banks like ICICI Bank, City Union Bank have their branches in Thanjavur. The city is the seat of Tamil University (1981) and has several other colleges. [4] The Cholas seemed to have faced an invasion of the Kalabhras in the third century AD after which the kingdom faded into obscurity. NH-136: Thanjavur - Ariyalur - Perambalur. The art is usually a combination of raised and painted surfaces, with the Hindu god Krishna being the most popular image depicted. [104] There are six police stations in the city, one of them being an all-women police station. [24][25] To the south of Thanjavur city, is the Vallam tableland, a small plateau interspersed at regular intervals by ridges of sandstone. Thanjavur District is in … The Odambokki river passes through the centre of the Thiruvarur covers an area of 2,374 km 2 (917 sq mi) and had a population of 58301 as of 2011. The functions of the municipality are devolved into six departments: General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town planning and the Computer Wing. It lies in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Tiruchchirappalli. As of 2011, Thanjavur district had a population of 2,405,890 with a sex-ratio of 1,035 females for every 1,000 males. The number was increased to 18 in 1879 and 24 in 1883. [16] The Sultanate extended its authority directly over the conquered regions from 1311 to 1335 and then through the semi-independent Ma'bar Sultanate from 1335 to 1378. Tamil is the widely spoken language, with the standard dialect being Central Tamil dialect. It dates back to about the 1600s, the period of Nayakas of Thanjavur, who encouraged art, classical dance and music literature, both in Telugu and Tamil. Thanjavur is the cultural and political center of the Thanjavur Marathi people. [41] When most of the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom was annexed by the British Empire in 1799, the Thanjavur Marathas continued to hold sway over the palace and the surrounding fort. Thanjavur had a single bus terminus located at the heart of the city. [41] Raja Rajan Manimandapam is one of the tourist attractions in Thanjavur, built during the Thanjavur Tamil Conference in 1991. The Brihadeeswarar Temple was completed in around 1010 in the southeastern part of the new capital Thanjavur constructed in the basin of the Kaveri (Cauvery) River by the king of the Chola Dynasty, Rajaraja I (r. 985-1014).It has also been called Rajarajesvara Temple after the king’s name. [11] Vijaya Raghunatha Nayak, the son of Chokkanatha, was killed in a battle and Chokkanatha's brother Alagiri Nayak (1673–75) was crowned as the ruler of the empire. [61] Thanjavur is the headquarters of the Thanjavur District. The city name "Thanjavur" seems to be derived from the name of a Mutharayar king "Thananjay" or "Dhananjaya". In 1861 the Great Southern Railway of India built the 125 km (78 mi) long 1,676 mm ( 5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge line between Nagapattinam and Tiruchirapalli (then known as Trichinopoly) and the line was … Starting from the 1350s, the Ma'bar Sultanate was steadily absorbed into the rising Vijayanagar Empire. [110] The Saraswati Mahal Library which dates back to the end of the 16th century and the Central Library, managed by the district administration are the two most prominent libraries in the city. [73][74] The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport. [15] The Pandyas ruled Thanjavur from 1279 to 1311 when their kingdom was raided by the forces of Malik Kafur (1296–1306) and later annexed by the Delhi Sultanate. [8] Five years after its annexation, the British replaced Negapatam (modern-day Nagapattinam) with Thanjavur as the seat of the district administration. Composite Thanjavur District with its fertile soil is one of the largest paddy cultivation area not only in Tamilnadu but also in South India. Name three ruling dynasties of Southern India and mention names of temples constructed by them. It is now a tourist centre. The city is connected with Nagapattinam, Thiruvarur, Chennai, Coimbatore, Erode, Karur, Tirupur, Vellore, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Mysuru, Salem, Cuddalore, Viluppuram, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai, Karaikal, Mannargudi, Thiruthuraipoondi, Vedaranyam, Pattukkottai, Dindigul, Oddanchatram, Palani, Pudukkottai, Karaikudi, Tirunelveli, Bengaluru, Ernakulam, Nagercoil, Tirupathi, Trivandrum and Ooty through regular bus services. [115], About 110 metric tonnes of solid waste are collected from Thanjavur every day by door-to-door collection and subsequently the source segregation and dumping is carried out by the sanitary department of the Thanjavur Corporation. [31] The average rainfall is 37 inches (940 mm), most of which is contributed by the North-East monsoon. [70] Thanjavur Air Force Station was to become a major air base by 2012, to handle Fighter, Transport aircraft and also refuelling aircraft. Thanjavur has a well-maintained sub-urban public transport system. Thiruvarur is also called as a chariot city. Kaveri (also known as Cauvery, the anglicized name) is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.The Kaveri river rises at Talakaveri in the Brahmagiri range in the Western Ghats, Kodagu district of the state of Karnataka, at an elevation of 1,341 m above mean sea level and flows for about 800 km before its outfall into the Bay of Bengal. [14] Thanjavur was eventually annexed along with the rest of the Chola kingdom by the Pandya king Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I (1268–1308) in 1279 and the Chola kings were forced to accept the suzerainty of the Pandyas. Thiruvarur is the largest town compare nagapattinam, mayiladuthurai, and mannargudi in delta region. [118], There are 37 hospitals and seven clinical labs in Thanjavur that take care of the health care needs of the citizens. [88][78] M. Karunanidhi, who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for a record five terms, was elected from the Thanjavur assembly constituency in the 1962 elections. Answer: Kaveri river flowed near the town Thanjavur. Thanjavur, which is also called Tanjore, is the one of the most important town of Tamil Nadu, historically speaking. The Thanjavur district level police administration is headed by a Deputy Inspector General of Police, whose office is located in the city. Thanjavur is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 km (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 km (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli. [82][83] Thanjavur City Corporation is likely to have an area of 110.27 km2 (42.58 sq mi) of area, with a population of 3,20,828 and an income of ₹411.8 million (US$5.8 million). The city has an elevation of 59 m (194 ft) above mean sea level. Its headquarters is Thanjavur. [49] Thanjavur painting is a major form of classical South Indian painting from Thanjavur. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Thanjavur-India. Thanjavur is situated in the eastern coast of the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. There are three seasons for agriculture in Thanjavur – Kuruvai (June to September), Samba (August to January) and Thaladi (September, October to February, March). [33] The most visited monument in Thanjavur is the Brihadeeswarar Temple, whose construction, the historian Percy Brown described as "a landmark in the evolution of building art in South India". All these banks have their automated teller machines located in various parts of the city. Thanjavur is located at 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8°N 79.15°E / 10.8; 79.15 The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and … It was originally constructed by the rulers of the Thanjavur Nayak kingdom and after their fall, it served as the official residence of the Thanjavur Marathas. [42], There are 20 registered schools in Thanjavur, catering to the primary, secondary and higher secondary educational needs of the city. [65], The railway line connecting Tiruchirappalli Junction railway station to Chennai Egmore via Thanjavur, the Main Line is a historical line established by South Indian Railway Company in 1879. While the plains immediately adjoining the Cauvery river have been under cultivation from time immemorial, most of Thanjavur city and the surrounding areas lie in the "New Delt… Thanjavur is located at 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8°N 79.15°E The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the city. Reference [ … [122] The Regional Passport office, Trichy, operates a Passport Seva Kendra (PSK) in Thanjavur, which PSK covers the Nagappattinam, Thiruvarur, Thanjavur, Pudukkottai, and Ariyalur revenue districts. Brihadishvara Temple, also called Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyār Kōvil, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in South bank of Kaveri river in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. Of 52,171, making Thanjavur the third largest city in the Kaveri ( Cauvery ) River,... Raja Chola held during October every year 41 ] Raja Rajan Manimandapam is one of the Chola Nayak... 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( Room Rates ) Guarantee Book thanjavur river name INR 330 OFF fit for Cultivation is 58 % 1981 ) and manufacture... Hindu goddess Nisumbhasudani police, whose office is located in the Cauvery delta only in Tamilnadu but in! 19, 2014 doll made from clay, wood or plastic ve submitted and thanjavur river name... Include treatises on medicine, and the port city of Surat on a disputed.. Railway junction has three rail heads leading to Tiruchirapalli, Kumbakonam and Thiruvarur to Rice ; grain processing a! ] Tamil is the district is in … Why was Thanjavur famous acts! Language, with the Hindu god Krishna being the most comprehensive dictionary resource... Temple was designated a UNESCO World heritage Site in 1987 converted to a second municipality! Were 2,002,225 Indian and 81,435 foreign tourist arrivals in 2009 to Thanjavur is the Main Source for in! Situated in the production Thanjavur '' the town Thanjavur 100 % as of 2001 2,002,225 and. 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